India Commissions First Indigenously Built ‘scorpene Class’ Submarine (ins Kalvari)
India commissions first indigenously built ‘Scorpene Class’ Submarine (INS Kalvari ‘Scorpene Class’ Submarine Available to Serve the Nation): India on December 14, 2017, commissioned the first indigenously built ‘Scorpene Class’ submarine INS Kalvari to the Indian Navy, at a ceremony held at Mumbai. INS Kalvari is a diesel-electric attack submarine and has been built by Mumbai-based Mazagon Dock Limited in collaboration with French shipbuilder Naval Group (formerly known as Direction des Constructions Navales Services, under the ‘Project-75 acquisition program’. INS Kalvari is the first of the six planned Scorpene-class submarines to be built by Mazagon Dock and Naval Group, under a $4.16 billion contract awarded by the Indian Government.
INS Kalvari is the first conventional submarine to be inducted into the Indian Navy after more than 17 years, even though the submarine arm of the Indian Navy is celebrating its golden jubilee this year.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi while speaking at the ceremony, said,” It signifies the further strengthening of the growing strategic ties between India and France in recent times.” While citing INS Kalvari as an example of ‘Make in India’ program, he added, “The 21st century will belong to Asia and the Indian Ocean will play a crucial and strategic role in ensuring what I call SAGAR - Security and Growth for All in the Region”.
It is worth mentioning that the INS Kalvari weighing 1,565-ton was launched in October 2015 and was first put to sea in May 2016. Earlier the date of commissioning was first set for August or early September but was deferred until December due to longer than expected operational trials. As per Ministry of Defense (MoD), Government of India, INS Kalvari is the Indian Navy’s most technologically advanced SSK ever commissioned. Its hull form, fin and hydroplanes have been designed to produce minimum underwater resistance and while underwater, it is powered by 360 battery cells and a permanently magnetized propulsion motor. It also has her two 1250 kW MAN Diesel engines for rapidly charging batteries. The operational range of INS Kalvari is approximately 6,500 nautical miles (around 12,000 kilometers).
Indian Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said, “India has proven its capability to build submarines for the past 25 years. These are highly significant steps in the direction of ‘Make in India’ and ‘Skill India’. Making submarines benefits industry not only by itself through orders but also through stringent quality control.”
According to the statement by the MoD, INS Kalvari is armed with “a cluster of advanced weapons and sensors integrated into the Submarine Tactical Integrated Combat System (SUBTICS).” It also added that the boat would be armed with French-made Exocet SM39 anti-ship missile, a sea-skimming, subsonic, solid-fueled anti-ship missile with an estimated operational range of 50-70 kilometres, specifically designed to attack small to medium sized warships.
The event marking the formal induction of INS Kalvari was also attended by Maharashtra Governor Ch Vidyasagar Rao, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, Vice Admiral Girish Luthra, Chief of Naval Staff Sunil Lanba, French Ambassador to India Alexandre Zeigler, Minister of State for Defense Subhash Bhamre and other defence & Government of India officials.